By default during installation, Linux Mint creates a root partition and a swap partition for you. If you would like more control and create additional partitions such as a /home partition, you will have to use manual partitioning. One benefit of having a separate /home partition is when you re-install Linux Mint, you won’t lose the contents of your /home.
The recommended basic folder structure should be in this format:
/ (10 – 30 Gb)
/home (remaining space)
/swap (if space permits, double the amount of RAM you have)
Do note that this article is assuming you’re installing Linux on an empty hard disk. Follow the instructions below to manually partition your hard disk before installing Linux Mint or Ubuntu.
Step one: During installation type select something else.
Step two: Click on new partition table then click on continue.
Step three: Click on continue to create a new partition table.
Step four: Click on free space then click on add to create a new partition.
Step five: We’ll now create the root partition. As recommended above, have anywhere from 10 – 30Gb, if space permits. The mount point for root will be a / or forward slash.
Step six: Next, create your /home and swap area.
Step seven: Review your partitions and if you’re happy with them, you can start installation.